Virginia adheres to the common law definition of larceny which is: the wrongful taking and carrying away the property of another with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of possession. The property taken must have some value. The crime of larceny can be further divided into taking which are: from the person, and takings that are not from the person.
Larceny is divided into Grand Larceny and Petit Larceny, and their penalties differ greatly. What makes a larceny either Grand Larceny or Petit Larceny is generally the value of the property taken. However, sometimes it is not the value of the property, but rather if the property is taken from the person or not.
Larceny is a crime of moral turpitude (a crime involving lying, cheating or stealing), and is considered contrary to honesty and good morals. Larceny can have disastrous consequences for employment, education and immigration. If you are charged with any form of larceny, it’s imperative that you find an experienced Virginia Larceny Attorney who will vigorously defend you in a court of law.
Found in Virginia Code 18.2-95, Grand Larceny is the taking of money or something of value of $5 or more from the person. Grand Larceny can also be the taking of money or something of value of $200 or more not from the person. Grand Larceny is also the taking or stealing of any type of firearm regardless of value.
Grand Larceny is an unclassified Felony. What this means is that the punishment is contained in the statute. The punishment is: imprisonment for not less than 1 year nor more than 20 years, or be confined in jail for a period of not exceeding 12 months or fined not more than $2500, either or both.
Petit Larceny is found in Virginia Code 18.2-96. Petit Larceny is the taking of money or something of value less than $5 from the person. Petit Larceny can also be the taking of money or something of value of less than $200 not from the person.
Petit Larceny is a Class 1 Misdemeanor. The punishment is: up to 12 month in jail and up to a $2500 fine, either or both.
Severe charges await those who do not seek legal representation. Don’t let a criminal charge ruin your life – be proactive and hire Michael Robinson as your larceny lawyer. He has represented thousands of cases and will provide a free consultation to those in need of his services.
Criminal Attorney for Petit Larceny, Grand Larceny, Shoplifting in Fairfax, Loudoun, and Prince William
If you’ve been charged with any of the crimes explained below, you will need an experienced attorney to fight for you. Whether you’re facing a larceny charge in Fairfax, VA or fraud charges in Loudoun County, you will need an attorney who will listen to you and advise you properly. Theft offenses in Virginia range in severity from misdemeanors to felonies, but all are criminal charges and should be taken seriously.
The Commonwealth of Virginia recognizes all theft and theft-related crimes as larceny. Generally speaking, theft occurs with the unlawful taking of goods or money that belong to another person or business and is done so with the intent to permanently deprive the owner(s) of the goods or money. Below is a list of theft examples in Virginia:
(1) embezzlement (§ 18.2-111)
(2) larceny of certain animals (§ 18.2-97)
(3) larceny of bank notes and checks (§ 18.2-98)
(4) receiving stolen items (§ 18.2-108)
(5) shoplifting (§ 18.2-103)
(6) theft or destruction of public records (§ 18.2-107)
(7) unauthorized use of an animal, aircraft, vehicle, or boat (§ 18.2-102)
Grand larceny is classified as a felony in Virginia and is punishable by 1 to 20 years in jail, a fine of $2,500 or a combination of both. Grand larceny is defined by VA code §18.2-95 as any person who
(1) Commits larceny of goods or money (with a value of more than $5) directly off a person
(2) Commits larceny of goods worth more than $200 from a place
(3) Commits larceny of a firearm or gun, regardless of the monetary value
Shoplifting can be classified as either petit larceny or grand larceny, depending on the value of the item(s) taken. Loss prevention officer and store employees are authorized to detain for no more than one hour any person suspected of shoplifting when probable cause is present. Shoplifting is recognized as
(1) Purposely hiding, concealing or taking goods in a store
(2) Altering a good’s price tag
(3) Transferring items from one container to another
(4) Any person who counsels, assists, or aids another in shoplifting
There are dozens of types of crimes that classify as fraud in Virginia. Some primary examples include falsifying transcripts or diplomas, false statements to acquire property or credit, credit card fraud, and money laundering. Fraud crimes range from misdemeanors to felonies.
Misdemeanor fraud charges in Virginia range from least severe (class 4) to most severe (class 1). If you have been convicted of a misdemeanor fraud charge, you may face up to one year in jail and fines. Some example of misdemeanor fraud charges are below:
(1) Impersonating an officer: Class 1
(2) Identity theft: Class 1 (can be Class 6 felony)
(3) Illegal use of insignia: Class 4
(4) Audiovisual recording of motion pictures: Class 1
You can find punishments for fraud felonies in section § 18.2-10 of the Virginia Code. Felony charges range from Class 6 to Class 1. A class 6 felony fraud charge may result in a maximum 5 year jail sentence and a $2,500 fine, while a Class 1 conviction may be punishable by death. There are no fraud charges that result in Classes 1, 2, or 3 felonies. If you are unsure about what level of severity your charge is, call a Northern Virginia criminal attorney today. Some example of felony fraud crimes are below:
(1) Forging coin or bank notes: Class 4
(2) Prescription fraud:
(3) Identity theft: Class 1 misdemeanor or Class 6
(4) Issuing bad checks: Up to a Class 6
(5) Obtaining money or signature by false pretense: Class 4
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